INTRODUCTION Fiqh al-Siyar is usually described as “Islamic international law.” In classical literature, scholars usually describe fiqh al-siyar as the legal rules regulating how the Dar al-Islam (Islamic nation) interacts with other nations, although some specify the definition to include only war. These classical works, such as Imam Shaybani’s (d.106 H) Siyar al-Kabir, is dominated